Symposium on Science and Technology of Sponge Iron and its Conversion to Steel

proceedings of the International Symposium on Science and Technology of Sponge Iron and its Conversion to Steel, held at the National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, India, February 19-21, 1973.
  • 332 Pages
  • 0.94 MB
  • English
National Metallurgical Laboratory , Jamshedpur
Iron -- Metallurgy -- Congresses, Steel -- Metallurgy -- Congr
ContributionsChatterjee, A.B., National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, India
LC ClassificationsTN701.5 I55 1973
The Physical Object
Pagination84 p. (advertisements), 1-332 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21299147M

DRI, also known as sponge iron, is the product of reducing iron oxide in the form of iron ore and steel plant wastes into metallic iron, below the melting point of iron and typically in the range of – °C.

Iron oxide is charged into shaft furnace, rotary kiln, or fluidized beds in the form of pellet, iron ore lumps, or fines. The reduction takes place using gaseous reductants (CO + H. Altekar, distinguished guest, ladies and gentlemen, It is indeed a great privilege to be present on the occa-ssion of the Inauguration of this international symposium on "Science and technology of sponge iron and its conv-ersion to steel".

The technology that is going to be dis-cussed here is not only new approach to steel making in India but also in many parts of the world. Post, G () The Optimum Method for Converting Sponge Iron to Steel in Arc Furnaces. In: Symposium on Science and Technology of Sponge Iron and Its Conversion to Steel, Feb., CSIR - National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur.


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Kedar Pandeji, distinguished delegates to the Symposium, distinguished guests, ladies and Gentlement. It is my pleasant duty to extend to you all a very warm and hearty welcome to this inaugural function of the Symposium on 'Science and Technology of Sponge Iron and its Conversion to Steel' organised by the National Metall-urgical LaboratoryAuthor: V A Altekar.

The prime raw material for induction furnace is steel scrap, sponge iron and cast iron. The percentage of directly reduced iron in the burden differs from 10 to 95 percent, depending on its inventory and monetary value of manufacturing.

Large scale of steel formed through secondary route is alloy steel and plain carbon steel. [2]. This book provides a fascinating study of the very important emerging field of direct reduction in which iron ore is ‘directly reduced’ in the solid-state, using either natural gas or non-coking coal, to produce a highly metallised material, referred to as sponge iron (or direct reduced iron).

This intermediate product is subsequently melted in electric arc furnaces or induction furnaces 3/5(1). Sponge iron is a metallic product produced through the direct reduction of iron ore in the strong state.

It is a substitute for scrap and therefore is mostly applicable in making steel through the secondary route. The procedure of sponge iron making aims to expel the oxygen from iron ore. The level of metallization (expulsion [ ]. Tripathy, A. K.; Koria, S. C.; Saxena, M. N.: Preparation of pre-reduced briquettes and studies on the kinetics of the process under reduced pressure’ Symposium on science and technology of sponge iron and its conversion to steel,pp – R.D.

Pehlke, in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 8 Environmental Concerns. Recycling of iron and steel scrap is very high; in fact, internal to steel plants virtually %. In general, recycling of total scrap to this industry is well above 70% and increasing.

Welcome to IWA Publishing. IWA Publishing is a leading international publisher on all aspects of water, wastewater and environment, spanning 15 industry-leading journals and a range of books, digitally available on IWAPOnline.

This paper presents the potential for energy savings in various capacity sponge iron plants by estimating heat transfer rates using stabilized and optimized temperature data within the rotary kiln/reactor.

of Iron and Steel Engineers, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Perry, J.,Chemical Engineering Handbook, 8th edition, McGraw Hill. Closed crucible reduction of lump powdered mill scale or iron ore by coal: The sequential methodology and mechanism for optimization of process parameters.

Advanced Powder Technology31 (9),   The innovative methods for achieving impurity segregation and removal, by-product recovery, waste minimization, and/or energy efficiency are also involved.

Eight themes are presented in the book: 1: High Efficiency New Metallurgical Technology 2:. sponge iron/DRI, HBI and cold briquettes. Metallic Iron — Itis the aggregate quantity of iron, either free or combined with carbon (as cementite) present in sponge iron/DRI, HBI and cold briquettes.

Residual Iron Oxides — These are remaining oxides of iron present in sponge iron either in the form. Manufacturer and Supplier Sponge Iron,Steel Billets,Steel Re Bars (TMT Bars), Etc.

Send Enquiry. Bhagwati Power And Steel Ltd. RAIPUR -INDIA. Contact Person: MR. NITESH AGARWAL. Tel No. - Manufacturing Of Sponge Iron, Steel Ingots &. Encompassing all aspects of Materials Chemistry related to energy conversion and, storage, and fuel generation and environment control and remediation.

advertise in the abstract book or place a promotional item in delegate packs. 4th International Conference on Nanomaterials Science and Mechanical Engineering 6 July - 9 July.

Conversion Electron Mössbauer Studies of the Corrosion Products Formed on the Steel Surface in Atmospheres Containing HCl, H 2 S, and S0 2 Yusuke Ujihira, Arimichi Handa, Masanori Fujinami Pages. Sometimes known as direct-reduced iron, sponge iron is a product that is produced using iron iron ore is often in the form of pellets or lumps, and is subjected to a reduction process that is created by the use of a reducing gas that emits from coal or a natural gas source.

This type of iron can be produced in several different types of furnaces, including coke or charcoal ovens.

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employment in the domestic sponge iron market stood at 1,15, during the said year. State-wise details are shown in Annexure-II. (c)&(d): Steel being a deregulated sector, the role of the Government is limited to that of a facilitator to provide a conducive policy environment for sustained growth and competitive development of the Industry.

traditional route of steel making. Iron Ore and Coke is main raw material in this process, leading to high Carbon emission in environment. While on the other side Secondary route uses Electric Arc Furnace / Induction furnace for steel making and uses Scrap, Pig Iron and Sponge Iron.

Iran's Esfahan Steel Intends to Put its Sponge Iron Plant on Lease for 5 Years. 16 May, IST. Show more like this Show less like this.

Sponge Iron.

Description Symposium on Science and Technology of Sponge Iron and its Conversion to Steel FB2

Indian Sponge Iron Export Market Turns Active in Recent Deals with Bangladesh. 15 May, IST. Show more like this Show less like this.

Enabled free access to o articles, book chapters, reference works and protocols on our platforms ; Published o new COVID articles and supported all researchers in making their underlying experimental data sets available for free and re-use; Made available, via Research Square, over COVID preprint articles.

Pollution from the sponge iron industries is the core reason whycommunities rise in arms against this industry. 26 Various CSE Reports of inform us1.

In Odisha, women from the Bonai Vana Suraksha Committee marched up to the District Collector with samples of soil, water and grain to protest against sponge iron plants Direct reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from the direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets, or fines) to iron by a reducing gas or elemental carbon produced from natural gas or ores are suitable for direct reduction.

Direct reduction refers to solid-state processes which reduce iron oxides to metallic iron at temperatures below the melting. irregular surface and the spongy structure of its particles, it has high green strength; and due to its low contents of oxygen and carbon, it has good compressibility.

SC has the best compressibility of all Höganäs sponge-iron powder grades. Its green strength is slightly lower and its apparent density slightly higher than for NC Such coal based sponge iron making from iron ore, is popular both in India and China.

However, in the world almost 80% of sponge iron is being produced by gas based DR process. the iron and steel industry with respect to geographic distribution, plant size, and processes used.

Fourteen of the installations in the iron industry were operated as mine-concentration plant combinations, although in some places the distance from the mine to the concentra­ tion plant was a few miles. Only one mine and one concentration. The effect of sponge iron on the sulphur concentration in the steel is also investigated.

The present results indicate that the sulphur content in the steel can be reduced from to wt% by increasing the iron proportion from sponge iron in the metallic input from 35 to 95 wt %. The book offers comprehensive coverage and critical assessment of various coal-based and gas-based direct reduction processes.

Besides dealing with the application of the theoretical principles involved in the thermodynamics and kinetics of direct reduction, the book also contains some worked-out examples on sponge iron s: Methods of crucible steel production.

Iron alloys are most broadly divided by their carbon content: cast iron has 2–4% carbon impurities; wrought iron oxidizes away most of its carbon, to less than %.

The much more valuable steel has a delicately intermediate carbon fraction, and its material properties range according to the carbon percentage: high carbon steel is stronger but more.

The iron-sponge vessel is either internally coated or clad with stainless steel. The superficial gas velocity (that is, gas flow rate divided by vessel cross-sectional area) through the iron-sponge bed is normally limited to a maximum of 10 ft/min at actual flow conditions to promote proper contact with the bed and to guard against excessive.Research at Purdue Calumeta s CIVS Earns National Award.

The paper, titled a?Investigation of Co-Injection of Natural Gas and Pulverized Coal in a Blast Furnace,a? will receive the Association for Iron and Steel Technologya s (AIST) Josef S. Kapitan Award-Ironmaking, May 16 at the AIST conference in Pittsburgh, Pa.

Qu, J,“Metallurgical properties of BF slag at Panzhihua Iron & Steel Co.,” Proceedings of International Symposium on Exploitation and Utilization of Vanadium-Bearing Titanomagnetite.